Most resistant birch species to the bronze birch borer. Prefers moist soils and may perform better in part shade. Naturally exfoliating bark makes for a very appealing tree. Avoid pruning in spring (sap running). Choose single-stemmed variety. Beautifully intriguing bark. Arbor Day Foundation: "The catkins of the River Birch are used by redpolls and pine siskins. The foliage is eaten by deer and other browsers. The small but plentiful seeds are appreciated by a wide range of songbirds." Features: unique bark, part shade. Full sun to part shade. Wet soil tolerant. Ideal cultivars include 'City Slicker,' 'Dura-Heat,' and 'Heritage - Cully'. Other cultivars subject to approval from Urban Forester.